LUKE HARPER SUMMERSLAM RESULTS
Name
Luke Harper
Real Name
Jon Huber
Date of Birth
December 16, 1979
Place of Birth
...
Hometown
...
Debut
2003
Kaitlyn

Dolph Ziggler needed help from a WWE diva to gain revenge on former on screen girlfriend AJ Lee and best friend Big E Langston, so he enlisted the help of Kaitlyn. Ziggler and Kaitlyn were victorious at the Summerslam pay per view.

August 18, 2013
Luke Harper
Jimmy Uso and Jey Uso had their biggest challenge to date when Erick Rowan and Luke Harper challenged them for the WWE tag team championship at Money in the Bank 2014. The twin brothers delivered by retaining the belt. The Usos performed a double superplex on Rowan before finishing him off with consecutive flying splashes from the top rope.
June 29, 2014
Luke Harper
After suffering a loss at the last pay per view, Bray Wyatt needed a victory over John Cena at Extreme Rules 2014, and he got just that. Wyatt received a heavy dose of interference from Luke Harper and Erick Rowan, but Cena still managed to overcome those odds. As Cena was walking out of the cage, a kid showed up and began singing, which provided enough distraction for Wyatt to hit his Sister Abigail finisher and walk out for the victory.
May 4, 2014
Luke Harper
In a grudge match at Wrestlemania 30, John Cena defeated Bray Wyatt via pin fall after delivering his Attitude Adjustment finishing move. There were some interference attempts by Luke Harper and Erick Rowan, but Cena managed to fend them off. Plenty of story telling in the match, and the level of drama was really high.
April 6, 2014
Luke Harper
As predicted by many, Randy Orton walked away from Elimination Chamber 2014 with the WWE Championship. Sheamus, Christian and Antonio Cesaro were the first eliminated. Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan helped to eliminate John Cena. Finally, Kane attacked Daniel Bryan, which enabled Orton to pick up the victory and earn his spot in the main event next month.
February 23, 2014
Luke Harper
In an extremely exciting six man tag team match at Elimination Chamber 2014, Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan were able to claim victory over Roman Reigns, Dean Ambrose and Seth Rollins.
February 23, 2014
Luke Harper

Batista won Royal Rumble 2014 by eliminating Roman Reigns in the end. Other contestants during the match were Alberto Del Rio, Alexander Rusev, Antonio Cesaro, Big E Langston, CM Punk, Cody Rhodes, Damien Sandow, Dean Ambrose, Dolph Ziggler, El Torito, Erick Rowan, Fandango, Goldust, Great Khali, Jack Swagger, JBL, Jey Uso, Jimmy Uso, Kane, Kevin Nash, Kofi Kingston, Luke Harper, R Truth, Rey Mysterio, Ryback, Seth Rollins, Sheamus and the Miz.

January 26, 2014
Luke Harper

Randy Orton was able to retain the WWE championship at Royal Rumble 2014 by using an RKO to pin John Cena, who was distracted by the arrival of Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan. The trio might have been going after Orton due to comments he made earlier in the night.

January 26, 2014
Luke Harper

Daniel Bryan was unable to overcome the odds, as the former WWE Champion was defeated by Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan in a handicap match at TLC. Wyatt got the pin fall victory after nailing his Sister Abigail finishing move.

December 15, 2013
Luke Harper

After a match filled with crowd pleasing signature spots, CM Punk and Daniel Bryan picked up the win over Luke Harper and Erick Rowan. Bryan blasted Rowan with the running knee, as Punk pinned Harper after the Go 2 Sleep finisher.

November 25, 2013
Brock Lesnar
For those of you that missed Monday Night Raw this week, Brock Lesnar made his much anticipated return to WWE and challenged John Cena at Summerslam 2014 for the world heavyweight championship. The story is that Paul Heyman convinced Triple H to go with Plan C because it was the best chance at getting the strap away from Cena.
July 22, 2014
Brie Bella
For those that missed Monday Night Raw, WWE did a story where Stephanie McMahon was arrested during the show because she assaulted Brie Bella, who happened to be sitting in the front row as a fan. The segment generated a huge ovation from the audience, and it was a major topic of discussion online. This is designed to lead to a big match between Stephanie and Brie at Summerslam 2014.
July 22, 2014
Miz
At WWE Battleground 2014, Miz won the battle royal to become the new Intercontinental Champion. Sheamus is the reigning United States Heavyweight Champion. The two of them are feuding. That has led to rumors of a title unification match taking place at Summerslam 2014. The belief is that WWE really wants to stack up this pay per view to build momentum for the upcoming subscription rush for the WWE Network.
July 21, 2014
Ric Flair
While Ric Flair made his much anticipated return to Monday Night Raw this past week, WWE reportedly has no plans for the former world heavyweight champion. He was supposed to make another random appearance on Smackdown, but that was changed at the last minute due to the script being completely reworked. Flair will sporadically be making appearances for WWE heading into Summerslam 2014.
July 19, 2014
Roman Reigns
By now, it's already clear to many that Triple H wants to put Roman Reigns over and make him a main event performer in WWE. However, that might not necessarily be happening overnight. Rumors are floating around that their big match will take place at Summerslam 2014. That might not be the last one. The belief is that this feud will be stretched out and could possible involve a big gimmick match of some sort before the year ends.
July 7, 2014
Randy Orton
Even though we have another pay per view before then, plans are already being penciled in for Summerslam 2014. Roman Reigns is expected to have a big role on that show, but management isn't certain on the details just yet. Right now, WWE has either Randy Orton or Triple H putting over the former Shield member. Both feuds are expected to eventually happen during this year, but the order isn't certain.
July 1, 2014
Brock Lesnar
The rumors of John Cena winning the WWE title at Money in the Bank 2014 just got hotter now that the company has accidentally revealed a poster for Summerslam 2014, which features what looks like a main event match between Cena and Brock Lesnar. There has been speculations over the last couple of months that when the former UFC champion makes his return to WWE, he would be thrown into a title program.
June 25, 2014
Daniel Bryan
There's some potentially bad news if you're a big fan of Daniel Bryan, as rumors are now surfacing that he might not be healthy enough to make a return at Summerslam 2014 as previously predicted. WWE wants to be very careful with his situation, as something negative could trigger a big storm with the mainstream media. Bryan is featured heavily on Total Divas and is one of the more known stars now in the industry.
June 19, 2014
Batista
Those that watched Monday Night Raw last night saw Batista quitting WWE in the storyline. The former world heavyweight champion is taking some time off to promote the upcoming Guardians of the Galaxy movie and to film the Kickboxer remake. Rumors have it that Batista will be making his return to WWE around Summerslam 2014, where he is supposed to work a high profile match.
June 3, 2014
AJ Lee
Some bad news for fans hoping to see AJ Lee back on Monday Night Raw soon. The former Divas Champion is not expected to return to WWE any time soon. AJ has no intentions of returning to the road before her wedding with CM Punk in a couple of weeks. Those backstage in WWE feel that she might be kept off the road until Summerslam 2014.
May 23, 2014
Goldberg
In order to get the ball rolling, officials are trying to work out a deal with Goldberg that will see him being included as a character in WWE 2K15 this fall. The company would then start hyping that up around Summerslam 2014 to gauge the interest of the fans. Once that happens, then the company can negotiate with Goldberg to work a match at Wrestlemania 31.
May 3, 2014
Shawn Michaels
While he did make a brief appearance during Wrestlemania 30 week, Shawn Michaels is expected to be gone from WWE for the time being. The former world heavyweight champion will be focusing his energy on his television show and various promotional appearances for the time being. There are talks that he could be brought back for Summerslam 2014 to help with promotions, but that is not confirmed yet.
April 24, 2014
Hulk Hogan
While he has already been booked for the European tour next month, Hulk Hogan has been angling for more involvement with WWE. The company was originally going to use him sparingly after Wrestlemania 30. The belief is that WWE might hold out on using Hogan again until Summerslam 2014, so that his appearances would feel more special.
April 22, 2014
Brock Lesnar
The plans being penciled in backstage for Summerslam 2014 is for Brock Lesnar to make his return and challenge Daniel Bryan for the WWE championship. Rumors going around right now is that Lesnar will be taking time off until about a month before the pay per view. The former UFC champion would then return and state that his next challenge in WWE is to go after the world title.
April 18, 2014
Brock Lesnar
It was heavily speculated that Brock Lesnar would be taking time off after Wrestlemania 30, and it looks like the rumors are true. WWE has removed him from their list of available performers backstage. There are talks that he could be out until Summerslam 2014, unless management can convince him to work some dates before then.
April 17, 2014
Stephanie McMahon
During a WWE Business Partner Summit, Stephanie McMahon revealed that the company will be completely shifting over to a new logo, which happens to be the current one used for the WWE Network, by Summerslam 2014. Management has been slowly replacing the logos over the last several weeks and will keep doing so until August.
April 16, 2014
Roman Reigns
While he has lost a bit of momentum since Royal Rumble 2014, there are still plans in WWE to give Roman Reigns a big push. Since the Shield pulled a face turn recently, there are talks of elevating Reigns to the point where he can be booked in a match against Triple H at Summerslam 2014. The hope there is that HHH can make him into a star by giving him a memorable match.
April 12, 2014
Damien Sandow
On Monday Night Raw this week, rumors about Rob Van Dam making his return to WWE turned out to be true. He came back and defeated Damien Sandow in a quick squash. Since he likes to take breaks in between wrestling, fans natural wondered how long he would be staying with WWE this time around. Right now, it appears that he will be leaving after Summerslam 2014.
April 8, 2014
Undertaker
While a lot of rumors are suggesting that he is going to retire, those backstage in WWE believe that there is still a possibility that we will get another Undertaker return in the near future. Some feel that he will want to have his last match be a victory at one of the other pay per view events, such as Summerslam 2014 or Royal Rumble 2015.
April 8, 2014
Jonathan Coachman
It appears that WWE will soon be receiving more coverage on ESPN, as some sort of deal is being finalized between the two sides. Jonathan Coachman, who dropped hints earlier about the deal, will be heavily involved, as he has worked for both companies. Wrestlemania 30 and Summerslam 2014 will be receiving a good amount of coverage.
April 5, 2014
Bray Wyatt
During Monday Night Raw, a segment aired where Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan attacked Chris Jericho in the locker room. That was actually a trick by WWE, as the footage was filmed at the pay per view on Sunday night. Jericho had actually hopped on a flight to Los Angeles on Monday morning, so that he can begin promotional work for the new Fozzy album.
July 22, 2014
Bray Wyatt
While it was still noticeable last night, WWE medical personnel worked fervently last night to repair the black eye on Bray Wyatt before he stepped in front of the cameras. They drained fluids from around his eye to reduce the swelling. Then, makeup artists did as much as they could to hide the darkness. WWE worked around the issue by having Erick Rowan and Luke Harper attacking Chris Jericho in the ring before Wyatt made a brief appearance on the stage.
July 15, 2014
Big E Langston
While rumors of a Nation of Domination stable are still floating around, there are also talks that WWE could simply be building up Kofi Kingston and Big E Langston as a tag team because they need a baby face fodder for Luke Harper and Erick Rowan. Management is seriously considering putting the tag titles on the Wyatt Family, and they're going to need more than Jimmy Uso and Jey Uso as challengers.
July 14, 2014
R Truth
Rumors about a new Nation of Domination should be heating up again today after results from a WWE live event in Japan has hit the internet. Kofi Kingston and Big E Langston worked together as a tag team during the show in Tokyo. The tandom went up against Luke Harper and Erick Rowan. The widespread speculation is that R Truth and Xavier Woods will be joining Langston and Kingston soon to form the new group.
July 10, 2014
Jey Uso
Since management wanted to fill in some time at WWE Battleground 2014, the decision was made to book Jimmy Uso, Jey Uso, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan into a best of three falls match for the tag team championship. The two teams have produced some good matches for WWE, so management is hoping that they can fill in a good amount of time at the pay per view for them.
July 9, 2014
Bray Wyatt
Shortly after Chris Jericho made his surprising return on Monday Night Raw, the Wyatt Family provided a surprise of their own when Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan suddenly appeared in the ring to attack the former undisputed champion. When Wyatt was in NXT, Jericho specifically requested to WWE officials to let him work with Wyatt. The belief is that he did so again upon signing a contract to return.
July 1, 2014
Bruiser Brody
"I wasn't sold on him. I wasn't sold on the idea that they kept comparing him to Bruiser Brody, because Brody for the longtime wrestling fan was one of the great wrestlers of his era or of all time. But he was known as the intelligent monster and Harper was an out of control maniac. I think once you stop trying to imitate somebody and find your own way things really start clicking. So, I've been watching him and things have really been clicking and after the Wyatts have this amazing run, hopefully as long as possible, yeah, I do think he has what it takes to become a singles star." - Mick Foley shares his views on Luke Harper and his potential to become a star in WWE
June 15, 2014
Bray Wyatt
"If Luke Harper were a stock, I'd be buying him now. I've watched carefully for a while, and in the past two months, I've finally become sold on the big man, not only as an invaluable part of the bizarre The Wyatt Family, but as a potential breakout star on his own. Finding your way, and blazing your own unique path is no easy task in WWE, especially when standing in the very long shadow of Bray Wyatt. But Harper has found that way. I wasn't ready to buy into the Bruiser Brody comparison, no matter how many times it was brought up. Brody, a legend in the business, and a huge inspiration on my own career, was known as "the intelligent monster." Harper has excelled in my mind, by stepping off that path that Brody blazed, and finding his own, unique way to excel in WWE - as the guy who can do anything at any time, without any seeming rhyme or reason. The hurricanrana followed by a dropkick makes perfect sense, because it makes absolutely no sense. Here's one wrestling fan looking forward to Luke Harper's matches making little sense, but a huge impact on WWE Monday Night Raw for a long time to come." - Mick Foley praises Luke Harper
June 11, 2014
Jimmy Uso
Over the weekend, John Cena was injured during his match against Bray Wyatt, who delivered some headbutts that were a bit more stiff than they needed to be. WWE immediately took steps to protect one of their most valuable assets by changing the main event of the following event. Cena was teamed up with Jimmy Uso and Jey Uso in a six man tag team match against Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan instead.
June 9, 2014
Erick Rowan
Initially, there were rumors that WWE was going to add a tag team championship match at the last minute on Payback 2014 featuring Jimmy Uso, Jey Uso, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan. However, management changed up their plans once they decided to include a lot of outside interference during the match between Bray Wyatt and John Cena. WWE did not want to take away from the big match by having the performers working multiple times last night.
June 2, 2014
Jimmy Uso
There are rumors floating around that WWE wants to add another match to Payback 2014. Speculations are that Erick Rowan and Luke Harper will be rewarded with a pay per view title match against Jimmy Uso and Jey Uso. There does not appear to be a high chance of a title change, as some feel that the Wyatt Family can get the spotlight without the belts.
June 1, 2014
John Cena
A bit of a buzz was created on Monday Night Raw this week when WWE fans witnessed Luke Harper cutting a promo on the episode. While he has spoken before, it does not happen frequently. Many were impressed with Harper, both for his speech and for his main event match against John Cena. The belief is that he will be receiving a slow push by WWE.
May 20, 2014
Luke Harper
Those that watched the latest episode of Monday Night Raw noticed that John Cena was absent. However, the popular WWE star was on hand for the event, as he showed up after the cameras went off the air to work a dark match main event against Bray Wyatt. Cena was declared the winner via disqualification after interference from Luke Harper and Erick Rowan.
May 6, 2014
Luke Harper
For a while, there was a push backstage within WWE to push Erick Rowan and Luke Harper a bit more, as many in the company felt that they have been putting on strong efforts when given a chance on television. However, those plans appear to have been dropped, as WWE has decided to use them as peripheral characters in the story line between Bray Wyatt and John Cena.
April 29, 2014
Luke Harper
A video from Monday Night Raw of John Cena being forced to face Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan in a handicap match. WWE allowed fans to vote on the opponents, and surprisingly enough, they voted for the former heavyweight champion to face three of his foes at the same time.
April 23, 2014
Roman Reigns
In order to increase interest in WWE Main Event this week, WWE did the third match between Roman Reigns, Dean Ambrose, Seth Rollins, Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan on the show. Here is a video highlight of that match.
April 11, 2014
Bray Wyatt
There is still a strong push within WWE to add Luke Harper and Erick Rowan to the Andre the Giant memorial battle royal match, as many feel that they have done a good job throughout the past several months. However, some in management feel that being involved in the match with John Cena and Bray Wyatt at Wrestlemania 30 is enough of a reward for them.
April 4, 2014
John Cena
When the picture of the four of them together initially spread across the internet, there was not a lot of details as to why John Cena was standing in the ring united with Dean Ambrose, Seth Rollins and Roman Reigns. It has now been revealed that the four of them teamed up in a dark match main event at the Smackdown taping against Kane, Bray Wyatt, Luke Harper and Erick Rowan.
March 27, 2014
Luke Harper
A rapper by the name of Consequences, who happens to be associated with Kanye West, has released a new song called Follow the Buzzards, which was inspired by Bray Wyatt. The WWE star, along with Luke Harper and Erick Rowan, is featured on the album cover, and his theme song is sampled as well.
March 20, 2014
Luke Harper
WWE is expected to confirm at least 20 of the 30 participants in the Andre the Giant memorial battle royal at Wrestlemania 30. Interestingly enough, neither Erick Rowan nor Luke Harper are on that list. The two of them were expected to be given a match at the pay per view by management, in order to capitalize on the heat that they received by being with Bray Wyatt.
March 20, 2014
Alberto Del Rio
A lot of action took place in the main event of Money in the Bank 2014. Fans went crazy as they saw creative signature spots from Randy Orton, Sheamus, John Cena, Roman Reigns, Alberto Del Rio, Kane and Bray Wyatt. However, it was Cena, much to the dismay of online WWE fans, who climbed the ladder and captured the heavyweight championship.
June 29, 2014
CM Punk
To calm down the Money in the Bank 2014 audience, WWE opted to go with another divas match as a filler. Layla El and Summer Rae battled in a match, where Fandango served as the special guest referee. Fans were so disinterested in the segment that a CM Punk chant broke out. In the end, Layla caught Summer with a kick to gain the pinfall. Layla and Fandango kissed after the match, while a despondent Summer looked on.
June 29, 2014
Alexander Rusev
In a rematch at Money in the Bank 2014, Alexander Rusev was successfully able to conquer Big E Langston again with his submission move. It was the typical match that you would expect from the two. There was a botched spot where Langston speared Rusev to the outside of the ring. However, the two of them more than made up for that by doing a great closing sequence.
June 29, 2014
Cody Rhodes
In a match that was slightly held in higher regards than a filler match, Goldust and Cody Rhodes, who worked under his Stardust gimmick again, defeated Curtis Axel, who was sporting a ridiculous looking singlet, and Ryback. The match was designed to highlight the Stardust character. Since there was a little bit of action after the match, there is a chance that WWE could be continuing this feud.
June 29, 2014
Dean Ambrose
In a very exciting match, Seth Rollins outlasted Dean Ambrose, Dolph Ziggler, Kofi Kingston, Rob Van Dam and Jack Swagger to capture the briefcase at Money in the Bank 2014. WWE wants to continue the war between Ambrose and the Authority, so they had Kane coming out and providing assistance to Rollins. Despite the heel tactic to win the match, the Rollins victory was actually cheered by a good amount of fans.
June 29, 2014
Adam Rose
Since WWE needed a filler segment at Money in the Bank 2014 and wanted to showcase Adam Rose a little bit, he was given a quick match against Damien Sandow, who was dressed as Paul Revere. Match was not really all that noteworthy, and Rose got the win after hitting the Party Foul finishing move. This was a segment that belongs more on Monday Night Raw than a pay per view.
June 29, 2014
Cameron
Naomi Knight was given a crack at the WWE Divas Championship at Money in the Bank 2014, but it was Paige that walked away as the reigning titleholder after a DDT and a pin. The match was designed to further the eventual split between Naomi and Cameron, who was at ringside and taking glee whenever her tag team partner was in peril against Paige.
June 29, 2014
Batista
In a rather surprising move, WWE had the Shield win convincingly against Evolution. Batista and Randy Orton were the first two performers to be eliminated from the main event match at Payback 2014, but both provided interference for Triple H after their eliminations. After taking a brutal beating, Roman Reigns picked up the win for his team. Many expected Dean Ambrose and Seth Rollins to be eliminated during the match, but WWE opted to give them a dominant ending.
June 2, 2014
Alicia Fox
In a match designed to be the buffer between the two main event features at Payback 2014, Paige successfully defended the WWE Divas Championship against Alicia Fox via submission. Afterwards, Alicia continued her story line of going crazy whenever things do not go well for her. The audience reacted more to the post match antics than the actual match.
June 2, 2014
Bray Wyatt
In a segment filled with plenty of interference from Jimmy Uso, Jey Uso, Luke Rowan and Erick Harper, John Cena was able to defeat Bray Wyatt in a Last Man Standing match at Payback 2014 after Cena put Wyatt through a big black box and covered him with an even heavier box. Rumors have it that WWE will be continuing this feud and something could trigger that on Monday Night Raw this week.
June 2, 2014
Rob Van Dam
At Payback 2014, Wade Barrett successfully defended the WWE Intercontinental Championship against Rob Van Dam after picking up the pin fall victory, thanks to the Bull Hammer. The performers placed some doubt in that finish when it appeared that Barrett had injured his arm while smashing into the corner post after RVD ducked away from the move outside the ring.
June 1, 2014
Alexander Rusev
In a glorified squash match at Payback 2014, Alexander Rusev defeated Big E Langston via submission to continue his push up the ladder in WWE. He was able to slap on the camel clutch after delivering a big kick to Langston. Afterwards, he held the submission move on for a short period of time before Lana instructs him to let go. Rusev should be placed into a new feud this week.
June 1, 2014
Cody Rhodes
In a match designed by WWE to accelerate the split between the brothers, Curtis Axel and Ryback defeated Cody Rhodes and Goldust in the second match of Payback 2014. Ryback picked up the pin fall victory for his team after delivering the Shell Shock to Rhodes. Afterwards, Rhodes told Goldust that he needs to find a better tag team partner for himself.
June 1, 2014
Antonio Cesaro
Despite being in the airplane spin for quite a few rotations, Sheamus was able to capture the victory over Antonio Cesaro, who had Paul Heyman with him at ringside, at Payback 2014 by surprising his opponent with a small package. With the win, Sheamus retains the United States Heavyweight Championship and will more than likely be placed in another feud by WWE tomorrow.
June 1, 2014
Daniel Bryan
In a match filled with quite a few over the top spots, Daniel Bryan successfully retained the WWE Championship by defeating Kane at Extreme Rules 2014. A running knee followed by a pin enabled Bryan to get the pin fall victory over Kane. Prior to that spot, Kane was put through a burning table and carried on a forklift, among other things.
May 4, 2014
Paige
Since WWE needed a Divas Championship match at Extreme Rules 2014, Paige was given the victory over Tamina Snuka after delivering her submission finisher. The segment was short and quick, providing only a couple of spots outside the ring. It basically served as a pay per view buffer between the steel cage match and the world title match.
May 4, 2014
Batista
In the most anticipated match at Extreme Rules 2014, the Shield defeated Evolution. Roman Reigns picked up the pin fall victory over Batista after a Superman punch and a spear. Triple H, Randy Orton, Seth Rollins and Dean Ambrose fought through the audience before Rollins took out all four of them by hurling himself from the elevated stands.
May 4, 2014
Big E Langston
The first title change at Extreme Rules 2014 took place when Wade Barrett defeated Big E Langston to capture the WWE Intercontinental Championship. Barrett picked up the pin fall victory after delivering a running Bull Hammer finisher on Langston. A highlight of the pay per view was Langston spearing Barrett from the ring to the floor.
May 4, 2014
Alexander Rusev
WWE wanted to give Alexander Rusev a big win at Extreme Rules 2014, and the company did just that by having the big guy defeat both Xavier Woods and R Truth in a handicap match. Rusev forced Truth to submit to his camel clutch finisher. Woods was barely involved in the match, as Rusev threw him into the steel beam underneath the ring at the start of the match.
May 4, 2014
Antonio Cesaro
The triple threat match at Extreme Rules 2014 quickly became a singles match after Jack Swagger was eliminated after a combination of a superplex and flying splash. Antonio Cesaro then won the match by pinning Rob Van Dam after delivering his Neutralizer finishing move on top of a trash can. Zeb Colter and Paul Heyman had minimal involvement.
May 4, 2014